Text Analysis of Newspapers on the Newark Riot

Corpus(All Documents)Report for Action DocumentNew York Times New York Amsterdam News
5 Most Frequent Words in the CorpusPolice (798)
State (478)
Community (292)
Said (271)
Negro (254
5 Most Distintive Words in each DocumentKelly (157)
Programs (130)
Training (117)
Spina (117)
Interview (107)
Policemen (18)
Station (14)
House (14)
Crowd (11)
Street (9)
Brother (16)
Theodore (11)
Wiggins (3)
Brothers (3)

The racial term that only seemed to be used in all three documents was the term negro, which appeared 258 times and only a few times referring to the opposing race as black and or white. It is not a surprise as it was a standard term for both races during this time. I do not believe there were any OCR errors as the only words taken out of the corpus were Newark, Jersey, 1967, and city. The most frequent terms turned out to be as expected. To no surprise, police would be the number word to come up as number one of the most frequent terms. The document that police appeared on the most was in the New York Times. Police was the number one word because the main source of reporting would come from the police who were present during the riots. The links in Voyant showed the words occurring with police were state, local, and guard. This means that state and local police were involved in the riots and the national guard had been mentioned also. Police did have the same meaning throughout the corpus. One distinctive word from the corpus was Spina, which only appeared in Report for Action document. It was number 29 on the terms list. The term list also showed the word was in correlation to mayor, police, and testimony. Spina was the last name of police director Dominick A. Spina. He was present at the riot and was interviewed about his experience of the riot and was taking orders from Colonel Kelly, which was the distinctive word of the Report for Action and another person interviewed.
Comparing the white and black newspapers, the white newspaper is mostly the law enforcement’s perspective. the terms list on Voyant revealed that the words said, crowd and negro were the most distinctive words in the New York Times. The word said collocates with the words mayor, policemen, and director, meaning that their reporting on the riot came from police and government interviews. The word crowd was used with the racial word negro, with phrases such as “crowd of Negroes” or “bands of Negroes broke from the crowd.” The black newspaper seemed to have been information reported from the black community and their personal experiences. The newspaper’s most distinctive words were the names of people. There was a report on a woman seeing people loot stores and the name Theodore, who described the riot as havoc across the streets and saw the debris and empty stores. Comparing both newspapers to the report, the white newspaper and the report had similar perspectives. Both base their information on the government and the police. The report also has names for its most distinctive words, but the words programs and training. Training collocates with programs as the report goes into the training of the Newark Police Department and programs to aid the black community. Education also collocates with the word program as poor education led to unemployment for the black community, which happened years before the riot and contributed to the trigger.
After the analysis of the newspapers, the analysis did not change my mind about this riot being labeled an uprising. Uprising is a spontaneous upsurge of protest or violent expression of discontent, something with political content. What supports this is that the report of most of the documents mentioned terms related to government and being the main reason for the tension in the black community. The white newspaper mostly reports on the riot being disorganized and the black community taking out their anger on the police and government.

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